There are many causes for mould but, essentially, it is a side effect of damp. Blocked or damaged gutters can cause excess water to penetrate through bricks leading to damp. Before you attempt to clear the mould, you will need to replace and/or repair any leaking gutters. Internal condensation can also lead to mould and mildew and, in this case, you will need to take active steps to reduce moisture in your house.
It is important that you identify and get to the bottom of the problem, if you are ever going to prevent mould and mildew from coming back.
Once you’ve done this, follow these simple steps:
Step 1 – Clear the area
Make sure the area is well ventilated and clear of any furniture. Remove curtains and other furnishings that can be infected with spores such as cushions and cuddly toys and place them in a bag for now.
Step 2 – Get your equipment ready
Have ready protective and cleaning equipment: Make sure you wear rubber gloves, an apron and face mask. These may all seem over the top, but inhaling fungus spores can very damaging for your health and cause respiratory problems.
There are many products in the market that have been specifically formulated to clear mould & mildew, however, you can also make a ¼ bleach to water solution to soak the affected area. Have a bucket ready with this solution and another one with warm clean water. Use old rags to clean rather than a brush, to avoid any spores spreading.
Step 3 – Work systematically
Using an old rag, scrub the affected area gently one square foot at the time. Wipe any excess with a clean rag dipped in warm water. Use a clean dry towel to dry all surfaces. Continue treating the area until all the mould is gone.
Finally clean and vacuum any other affected areas like carpets. If you are able to, place toys and cushions in the washing machine and wash at high temperature. Place the rags in a plastic bag and throw them away.
Step 4 – Stop the problem from recurring
Presuming that you have already dealt with the cause of damp, you may still need to take further steps to stop mould and mildew from recurring. Some buildings will be more prone to condensation than others and old water stains can be difficult to conceal.
Several paints in the market now come with insulation and stain block qualities.
Ronseal Anti-condensation paint adds a layer of insulation to walls and comes in a white matt finish that can be painted over.
Thompson’s Stain Block and Damp Seal permanently seals damp and household stains, stopping them from coming back and can be applied directly onto damp surfaces.
Ronseal Anti-mould paint gives a 6 year mould free guarantee, thanks to an active biocide that stops all types of mould from growing. It is moisture and steam resistant and can be wiped cleaned.